Tag Archives: webservices

How to consume OAuth secured SOAP web service

I faced the issue where I had to consume a SOAP service which was secured by OAuth1.0a. And Spring doesn’t provide any direct solution for consumer OAuth secured SOAP service.

In Producing and Consuming SOAP web service and Consuming SOAP web service over HTTPS, we saw how to consume a SOAP web service. In this post, we will go little beyond this and implement a solution to consume OAuth secured SOAP web service. Securing a web service is general trend and you must secure a web service if you are letting others consume it. This is a secure way to transfer data between producer and consumer without compromising customer data.

Pre-requisites

  1. Spring web services
  2. OAuth library and knowledge

How to implement?

Below is a code that shows how to send a SOAP request call to a web service if it is not OAuth secured.

public class UserClient extends WebServiceGatewaySupport
{
    public GetUserResponse getUserById (int userid)
    {
       GetUserRequest userrequest = new GetUserRequest();
       userrequest.setId(userid);
       GetUserResponse response = (GetUserResponse)getWebServiceTemplate().marshalSendAndReceive(userrequest, new SoapActionCallback("https://localhost:8443/benefits/endpoints/getUserResponse"));
       return response;
     }
}

Basically, we are using a WebServiceTemplate to marshal a request and send it to SOAP endpoint. SoapActionCallback  is callback which allows to change the marshalled message before it can be sent to endpoint and a response can be retrieved.

As part of this solution, we will implement a class SignedMessageSender that will sign the request with OAuth consumer key and secret.


public class SignedMessageSender extends HttpComponentsMessageSender
{
    private final CommonsHttpOAuthConsumer consumer;

    public SignedMessageSender(CommonsHttpOAuthConsumer consumer)
    {
      this.consumer = consumer;
    }

    public WebServiceConnection createConnection(URI uri)
    {
       HttpComponentsConnection conn = null;
       try
       {
          conn = (HttpComponentsConnection)super.createConnection(uri);
consumer.sign(connection.getHttpPost());
       }
       catch (IOException e | OAuthException e)
       {
          e.printStackTrace();
       }
       return conn;
}

Now we build our bean for client to use this message sender, we will assign consumer key and consumer secret. This also uses JAXB marshaller. The code for this will look like below


@Bean

public UserClient getUserClient(Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller)

{

UserClient us = new UserClient();

us.setDefaultUri("https://localhost:8443/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl");

us.setMarshaller(marshaller);

us.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);

String consumerkey = "";

String secretkey = "";

CommonsHttpOAuthConsumer consumer = new CommonsHttpOAuthConsumer(consumerkey,secretkey);

SignedMessageSender signedMessageSender = new SignedMessageSender(consumer);

signedMessageSender.createConnection(new URL("https://localhost:8443/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl").toURI());

us.setMessageSender(signedMessageSender);

return us;

}

 

This shows how we can implement a solution to consume a SOAP web service secured by OAuth 1.0a. I am sure we can add similar solution if the service is secured by OAuth 2.0, but that will be another post.

Conclusion

In this post, we showed how to add OAuth signed SOAP message to SOAP service which would return a response to consumer.

References

  1. Add Header to SOAP message
  2. SOAP WS-addressing
  3. https://www.avisi.nl/blog/2012/11/22/consuming-oauth-secured-soap-webservices-using-spring-ws-axiom-signpost/

 

Producing and Consuming SOAP Webservice with Spring Boot – Part V

In last few posts, we have covered following

  1. Spring Boot REST CRUD API – Part I
  2. Swagger Documentation for Spring Boot REST API – Part II
  3. Error Handling and logging in Spring Boot REST API – Part III
  4. Consuming RESTful Webservice – Part IV

In this post, we will describe how to create a SOAP webservice from our existing Spring Boot REST API. This SOAP webservice will provide us user data from the database which is we have connected through Spring-data in Spring REST API.

1. Requirements

  1. Eclipse Mars2
  2. Maven 3.1 and above
  3. Spring 1.4 and above
  4. Java 7
  5. Tomcat 8

2. SOAP Web Service

We will use our existing Spring Boot REST API to build an application that will act as a SOAP web service to provide users data. For a given user id, web service will return user data.

Let’s create a schema file in src/main/resources directory and maven will create java classes based on this schema file.


<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:tns="https://betterjavacode.com/benefits/soap"
targetNamespace="https://betterjavacode.com/benefits/soap" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xs:element name="getUserRequest">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="id" type="xs:int"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
<xs:element name="getUserResponse">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="user" type="tns:user"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
<xs:complexType name="user">
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="id" type="xs:int"/>
<xs:element name="firstname" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="middlename" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="lastname" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="username" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="createdate" type="xs:date"/>
<xs:element name="jobtitle" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="email" type="xs:string"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:schema>

3. Update Maven dependencies

Now to generate classes from schema, we have to make sure we have all the right dependencies in our pom.xml. We will also add spring boot service dependency to create a SOAP web service.


<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>com.betterjavacode</groupId>
<artifactId>Benefits</artifactId>
<packaging>war</packaging>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>Benefits Maven Webapp</name>
<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>1.4.2.RELEASE</version>
</parent>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>mysql</groupId>
<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
<scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>io.swagger</groupId>
<artifactId>swagger-jersey2-jaxrs</artifactId>
<version>1.5.12</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
<artifactId>springfox-swagger2</artifactId>
<version>2.6.1</version>
<scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
<artifactId>springfox-swagger-ui</artifactId>
<version>2.6.1</version>
<scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
<artifactId>log4j-api</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
<artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web-services</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
<artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
<artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
<version>2.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.3</version>
<configuration>
<source>1.8</source>
<target>1.8</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.6</version>
<configuration>
<warSourceDirectory>WebContent</warSourceDirectory>
<failOnMissingWebXml>false</failOnMissingWebXml>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>
<artifactId>jaxb2-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<version>1.6</version>
<executions>
<execution>
<id>xjc</id>
<goals>
<goal>xjc</goal>
</goals>
</execution>
</executions>
<configuration>
<schemaDirectory>${project.basedir}/src/main/resources/</schemaDirectory>
<outputDirectory>${project.basedir}/src/main/java</outputDirectory>
<clearOutputDir>false</clearOutputDir>
<schemaLanguage>WSDL</schemaLanguage>
<generatePackage>com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap</generatePackage>
<forceRegenerate>true</forceRegenerate>
<scehmas>
<schema>
<url>http://localhost:8080/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl</url>
</schema>
</scehmas>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
<finalName>Benefits</finalName>
</build>
</project>

If we run the project with maven build now, the plugin jaxb2-maven-plugin will generate classes under com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap directory. It will also enable our wsdl SOAP url for users. This will generate following java objects

  • GetUserRequest
  • GetUserResponse
  • ObjectFactory
  • package-info
  • User

4. Defining the service

Next, we will define an interface for our service. This will look like below


package com.betterjavacode.benefits.services;

public interface UserAccountService

{

public com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.User getUserDetails(int id);
}

Implementation of this service will be mapping out entity class User to generated class for soap service User. Using the id as a key to get user data from repository, we will map to soap service user. For post purposes, we will not show the implementation of this interface.

5. Creating the Service Endpoint

What is a service endpoint? When a SOAP request for defined URL is handled by Spring servlet, Spring servlet redirects that request to service endpoint. Service endpoint then processes that request to create a response. Our spring-boot-starter-web-services dependency will bring all the necessary classes for annotation purposes.


package com.betterjavacode.benefits.services.endpoints;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.Endpoint;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.PayloadRoot;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.RequestPayload;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.ResponsePayload;

import com.betterjavacode.benefits.services.UserAccountService;
import com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.GetUserRequest;
import com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.GetUserResponse;
import com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.User;

@Endpoint
public class UserAccountServiceEndpoint

{

// private static final String TARGET_NAMESPACE =              "http://com/betterjavacode/benefits/webservices/useraccountservice";
private static final String TARGET_NAMESPACE =   "https://betterjavacode.com/benefits/soap";

@Autowired
private UserAccountService userAccountService;

@PayloadRoot(localPart = "getUserRequest", namespace = TARGET_NAMESPACE)
public @ResponsePayload GetUserResponse getUserRequest(@RequestPayload    GetUserRequest request)

{
GetUserResponse response = new GetUserResponse();
User user = userAccountService.getUserDetails(request.getId());
response.setUser(user);
return response;
}
}

@Endpoint annotation allows the class to be defined as service endpoint and included in @Component annotation for scanning. Make sure the namespace defined in this class matches with XSD schema definition. Otherwise, you can run into error for “No Endpoint defined for“.

6. Configuration

Next, we will configure our configuration class to generate wsdl endpoint. This configuration class will be annotated by @EnableWs to provide web service configuration.


package com.betterjavacode.benefits;

import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.ServletRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;
import org.springframework.ws.config.annotation.EnableWs;
import org.springframework.ws.config.annotation.WsConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.ws.transport.http.MessageDispatcherServlet;
import org.springframework.ws.wsdl.wsdl11.DefaultWsdl11Definition;
import org.springframework.xml.xsd.SimpleXsdSchema;
import org.springframework.xml.xsd.XsdSchema;

@Configuration
@EnableWs
@ComponentScan("com.betterjavacode")
public class AppConfig extends WsConfigurerAdapter {

@Bean
public ServletRegistrationBean messageDispatcherServlet(ApplicationContext applicationContext) {
MessageDispatcherServlet servlet = new MessageDispatcherServlet();
servlet.setApplicationContext(applicationContext);

return new ServletRegistrationBean(servlet, "/benefits/endpoints/*");
}

@Bean(name = "users")
public DefaultWsdl11Definition defaultWsdl11Definition(XsdSchema usersSchema) {
DefaultWsdl11Definition wsdl11definition = new DefaultWsdl11Definition();
wsdl11definition.setPortTypeName("UserAccountService");
wsdl11definition.setLocationUri("/endpoints");
wsdl11definition.setTargetNamespace("http://com/betterjavacode/benefits/webservices/useraccountservice");
wsdl11definition.setSchema(usersSchema);
return wsdl11definition;
}

@Bean
public XsdSchema usersSchema() {
return new SimpleXsdSchema(new ClassPathResource("employees.xsd"));
}

}

Few important points about this configuration class are

  • MessageDispatcherServlet is a required servlet to dispatch web service messages. We set this servlet with a bean to handle the URL from which request will be coming.
  • DefaultWsdl11Definition creates SOAP for the given XSD schema
  • XsdSchema provides abstraction for our users XSD schema

7. Running the SOAP webservice

Now build our project with maven. Run the spring boot application through eclipse to start the embedded tomcat server. Once the tomcat server starts, if we access url http://localhost:8080/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl

Output in the browser will be as below

wsdl endpoint

 

Here we showed how to create a simple SOAP webservice which we have combined with Spring Boot REST API service. We can also test this SOAP webservice using Soap UI, as shown in below screenshot

SoapUITest

8. Consuming the SOAP web service

In previous steps, we showed how to produce a SOAP web service, now we will show how to consume this SOAP web service programmatically.

8.1 Create a client class

Under package com.betterjavacode.benefits.views, define a class UserClient which will extend a WebServiceGatewaySupport class. WebServiceGatewaySupport class provides web service methods.


package com.betterjavacode.benefits.views;

import org.springframework.ws.client.core.support.WebServiceGatewaySupport;
import org.springframework.ws.soap.client.core.SoapActionCallback;

import com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.GetUserRequest;
import com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap.GetUserResponse;

public class UserClient extends WebServiceGatewaySupport {

public GetUserResponse getUserById(int userid) {
GetUserRequest userrequest = new GetUserRequest();
userrequest.setId(userid);
GetUserResponse response = (GetUserResponse) getWebServiceTemplate().marshalSendAndReceive(userrequest, new SoapActionCallback("http://localhost:8080/benefits/endpoints/getUserResponse"));
return response;
}
}

8.2 Configure the client for Spring Bean support

We will configure Jaxb2Marshaller to support JAXB to set context path. This will help us marshal and unmarshal our xml request and response through.


package com.betterjavacode.benefits.views;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;

@Configuration
public class ClientAppConfig {
@Bean
public Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller() {
Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
marshaller.setContextPath("com.betterjavacode.benefits.soap");
return marshaller;
}

@Bean
public UserClient userClient(Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller) {
// WSDL URL - http://localhost:8080/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl
UserClient uc = new UserClient();
uc.setDefaultUri("http://localhost:8080/benefits/endpoints/users.wsdl");
uc.setMarshaller(marshaller);
uc.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
return uc;
}
}

 

8.3 Run the SOAP web service client

We will define a class with main method to pass an argument of user id. Our client will call the web service with passed argument to return us the data if that user id existed in the database.


public class UserSoapClient {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        AnnotationConfigApplicationContext ctx = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext();
        ctx.register(ClientAppConfig.class);
        ctx.refresh();
        UserClient usc = ctx.getBean(UserClient.class);
        System.out.println(" For Employee: ");
        GetUserResponse response = usc.getUserById(1);
        System.out.println("Name: " + response.getUser()
            .getFirstname() + " "
            + response.getUser()
                .getLastname());
        System.out.println(" Job: " + response.getUser()
            .getJobtitle());

    }

}

 

9. Conclusion

In this article, we showed how to create a SOAP web service and how to build a client to consume the same SOAP web service using Spring Boot. The code for this is available at github

10. References

  1. Spring Web services tutorial
  2. SOAP Web service producer and consumer
  3. Consuming a web service in java and SOAP UI